Sie wurde, einschließlich des primären Ziels, der fünften bemannten Landung auf dem Erdmond, erfolgreich abgeschlossen. They had said that the surface looked like they might have been the remains of rhyolitic ashflows and the like. So they pressed on and, eventually, found North Ray right where it was supposed to be. 115:58:41 Here is the TV. Pano1. As he and Duke discovered once they got outside, had they landed "25 meters in any direction from the actual landing site, (the LM) would have been on a local slope of six to ten degrees." On the way, they made a single stop, this one at another large, black boulder which had a south-facing overhang and a deep hollow underneath. A walking astronaut would have had some trouble keeping a straight line in the rolling terrain and, on Apollo 17, Gene Cernan would put his Rover to the same practical use. There were, of course, the inevitable glitches. But, eventually, a way around the problem was found; and both times during the night - after getting over the shock of being so rudely awakened - Duke assured himself that there was no new problem to worry about, reset the alarm, and then went back to sleep. Zero-gravity made sure that he got thoroughly soaked in the sticky stuff and, as he later told CapCom Tony England: "Tony, I wouldn't give you two cents for that orange juice as a hair tonic; it mats it down completely.". Apollo 16 Lunar Sample Information Catalog Part 3: 67015 — 69965 Publication: JSC-16904 The Apollo panoramas were assembled by UK based Mike Constantine in Adobe Photoshop, each one is made from several separate NASA photos obtained from The Apollo Archive, the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal, and The Lunar and Planetary Institute. protected by copyright. commentary by the Editor and by ten of the twelve moonwalking Adjoiningstrike. It was Duke who saw the shadow first as they came down through 250 feet. That's really neat." From their perch on the slopes of Stone Mountain, Young and Duke had gotten a good look into South Ray Crater and, although most of the ejecta was a brilliant white color, here and there they could see streaks of dark material. The problem wasn't noticed for awhile but, with Smoky Mountain marking the horizon to the north, they were able to steer with confidence back to the spacecraft which lay hidden by an intervening ridge. It is noteworthy, as well, that Young used the Rover to mark a straight line of tire tracks for deployment of some geophone cables. Point it here a minute. The suits were individually tailored for a tight fit and it all required a certain amount of contortion. Eleven of the magazines contain plottable scenes of the lunar surface. You may email the editors concerning typos, factual errors, or with general comments at: The corrected transcript, commentary, and other text incorporated in the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal is The Apollo 16 Lunar Module (LM) Orion landed between North Ray and South Ray craters on April 21, 1972. From Apollo Lunar Surface Journal: 143:13:46 4 O'Clock LM Pan, Start of EVA-2. A source for both thumbnail and low -resolution versions of the lunar surface images is a At pitchover, Duke's first callout of an Landing Point Designator Once he was bedded down, Duke then strung his own hammock close to the floor across the front of the spacecraft and climbed in. Fast Facts: Apollo 16. ), In lunar orbit, Young and Duke powered up the lander and separated from the Command Module. happened during the missions and why. This sample was collected from the northeast rim of a subdued crater on the northeast slope of Stone Mountain. Another thing that probably contributed to the formation of light-colored plains was: if you think about what would have been the logical course of eruptive events during mare formation, the major upwelling of mare basalt would have been preceded by a brief period of gas-charged debris eruption. 6 years ago | 23 views. The free-swinging rod on the gnomon - the shadow device that provided a scale and a local vertical in the pictures - broke off and they had to press their long-handled scoop into service as a replacement. From a pilot's point of view, a good mission was a mission without surprises, and as the day went on, Young and Duke proved once again the value of a well-trained crew. The author would like to thank: Eric Jones who penned the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal.The Journal is a must-read for historians of the Apollo program, and it is the source of some of the astronaut recollections reported here. Their confidence in themselves and in their equipment showed up in the relative ease with which they worked on the hillside. Final report Of course, such a mission was never in the cards and, indeed, by the time of Apollo 16, NASA was already folding up its lunar tent. After donning their LCGs, they got into the pressure suits; and that was always a two-man operation. On Apollo 16, the bags leaked because of intermittent contact between the end of the tube and the microphones that each of them wore. The navigation system was proving an invaluable aid. The problem had first occurred during LM checkout in orbit and, as with the CSM engine control problem, there had been some initial concern about aborting the landing. The crew consisted of Captain John W. Young, commander; Lt. six pairs of astronauts who landed on the Moon from 1969 through 1972. The journal presently covers eleven human flights of the Apollo program, relating the parts of the missions not on the lunar surface… Højdepunkter. There was one more mission to be flown; and the 17 crew, too, would have plenty of encounters with foot-grabbing cables. Landing Coordinates: 8.97341 degrees South, 15.49859 degrees East (Source: National Space Science Data Center); LROC QuickMap First study of highlands area. As Young and Duke kept running, the smiles in the Backroom got broader and broader and the laughter got louder and louder. They leaned on tools as they stood facing the slope, and sometimes even knelt as they picked up samples. Man havde forventet at lande i et vulkansk område, men det viste … Be a great source on your site then first. Then came the helmets and gloves, a communications check, and, lastly, a check of the pressure integrity of the suits. They were looking for something different and they over-sensitized the 16 crew to volcanics. A Delayed Landing; Life in the Cabin; Deploying the ALSEP; Flag Crater Traverse ; Stone Mountain; House Rock; Return to the LM; The Truth of … Lunar Curation Contacts; External Links. They turned on the PLSS oxygen flow until the suits were 3.8 pounds-per-square-inch (psi) higher pressure than the cabin, and then turned off the PLSS oxygen and watched the suit pressure decay. Apollo Lunar Surface Journal Jack Schmitt was the Apollo 17 LMP and, as a professional geologist, made Apollo 17 the most scientifically productive of the six landings. Astronaut Charles Duke During an Apollo 16 Lunar Surface EVA. Indeed, stray juice was also suspected as the cause of a sticky valve in the LM's Environmental Control System. High-resolution version of many of the lunar surface images are included. Colonel Charles M. Duke Jr., Lunar Module pilot. There wasn't much room to spare. Duke retired from the Astronaut Corps in 1975 and, later from the U.S. Air Force as a Air Force Reserve Brigadier General. In many ways, the weak gravity field made work easier than it would have been on Earth, and only the need to wear the stiff, bulky pressure suits proved to be a significant impediment to productivity. From the Apollo 16 Video LIbrary Video and text link https://www.hq.nasa.gov/alsj/a16/a16.sta1.html#1240400 While John started a pan … Mission Profile; Apollo 16 Animations; Descartes Surprise. Search. Because, nothing had sealed the crust yet. cosmochim. Sign up. Apollo Lunar Surface Journal . The Journal is intended as a resource for anyone wanting to know what happened during the missions and why. Individuals may make copies for personal use; but unauthorized production of copies for sale is prohibited. Young's bag fell off during the outbound drive on EVA-3 - fortunately when it was empty - and, generally, they had to spend far more time than they would have liked tightening the harness straps. Sometimes they would feel the tug and stop. The United States Government retains a 188.8.131.52 Product_Context Apollo 16 LSM Apollo 16 LSM A16 LSM A16 LSM 2017-11-14 1.0 Created by the NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. Because Apollo was about to end, there was no new equipment to test, no new procedures to try. For the time being, they didn't actually turn the water on, but did let oxygen flow into the suit and out the neck and wrist rings to provide some cooling. As described in prior postings, he organized geology training for the Apollo 13, 15, 16 and 17 LM crews that have made them competent as field geologists. Apollo 15 Journal: Figure Captions ... Apollo 15 LM Lunar Surface Checklist This checklist was scanned by Dave Hardin and Eric Jones; and converted to PDF by Ken Glover. If you can improve it further, please do so. In order to improve Young's and Duke's sleep schedule, the third and final moonwalk of the mission was trimmed from seven hours to five. Sometimes the other member of the crew would see them catch a cable and give warning. The Apollo 14 and 15 crews brought back samples of pre-mare materials, but neither crew visited a pure highlands site. And, indeed, there may be volcanics there. In all, the process took about twenty minutes and, once Duke was suited, they hooked up the hoses which connected him with the LM supplies of oxygen and cooling water. "It really looks nice out there.". This December 2017 release of the Journal contains all of the text for the six successful landing missions as well as many photos, maps, equipment drawings, background documents, voice tracks, and video clips which, we hope, will help make the lunar experience more accessible and understandable. Prior to the pressure check, Young and Duke had been able to move a little, despite the small size of the cabin. That still hasn't been answered today. The LSM was a part of the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Packages (ALSEP) for the Apollo 12, 15, and 16 missions. cosmic-ray exposure history at the apollo 16 and other lunar sites: lunar surface dynamics. Before they had gone more than a kilometer north of the LM, Young and Duke noticed that the frequency of rocks and small craters had dropped considerably. And it disproved what had been the prevailing hypothesis about the central lunar highlands.During the return trip to Earth, Mattingly … But no one was interested in taking on the added risks that fatigue would have created as the day got longer and longer. As with Apollo 15, the mobility of the Rover meant that he didn't need to land precisely on target; but the cost of this series of minor redesignations was very slight. crews and Houston. Young and Duke next had to put on their backpacks, the Portable Life Support Systems (PLSSs) which contained a lithium hydroxide canister to remove CO2, supplies of oxygen and cooling water, and also the associated pumps and fans and the sublimator which actually got rid of the waste heat. There is a marvelous piece of film in the Apollo collection which shows people in the Backroom at Houston watching Young and Duke as they ran toward the boulder. ( 3Mb PDF ) Guid.Nav.Contrl.Performance ( 38Mb PDF ) Postflight Trajectory Analysis . 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