Later in the century, the American architect Charles Follen McKim used the Sainte-Geneviève Library building as the model his design of the main building of the Boston Public Library. • The entry hall  • Reading room in use  • The reading room in 1859  • Ground floor plan (entry hall in center and a reserves)  • Original reading room plan  • Hall and reading room section)  • Façade Later years – expansion and modification[edit] Between 1851 and 1930, the library’s collection grew from one hundred thousand volumes to over a million, requiring a series of reconstructions and modifications. [10] During the late 18th century, the library acquired copies of the major works of the Age of the Enlightenment, including the Encyclopédie of Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d’Alembert. [22] The monumental staircase from the ground floor to the reading room is placed so it doesn’t take any space from the reading room. Quai … The ferrous structure of this reading room—a spine of slender, cast-iron Ionic columns dividing the space into twin aisles and supporting openwork iron arches that carry barrel vaults of plaster reinforced by iron mesh—has always been revered by Modernists for its introduction of high technology into a monumental building. There’s a reason history regards Pierre-François-Henri Labrouste so fondly: in addition to being among the most important architects of the 19th Century, the man was also a magician of sorts. [15] The Labrouste building[edit] After the expulsion of the library from its old site, the government decided to build a new building for the collection. There is the cast iron tinge of a Labrouste Reading Room, the glistening interiors of Copenhagen’sBlack Diamond, the Brutalist bibliotheques that once sprouted from the grounds of every second university campus. He saw the library as an important weapon of the Counter-Reformation against Protestantism. No purchase necessary. Bibliothèque nationale de France (National Library of France). However, the library shared the 18th century building of the old Abbey Sainte-Genevieve with s prestigious school, originally known as the central school of the Pantheon, then as the Lycée Napoleon, and then and today as the Lycée Henri IV. Henri Labrouste: Subscribers - login to skip ads: Location: Paris, France map: Date: 1843 designed, built 1845 to 1851 timeline: Building Type: library: Construction System: bearing masonry and iron spans: Climate: temperate: Context: urban: Style: Italian Renaissance Revival: Notes: Monumental long vaulted reading room. All rights reserved. Oct 7, 2017 - Discover Labrouste Reading Room in Paris, France: This off-limits room in the National Library of France is home to a system of pneumatic tubes, once used to bring books to readers. [1] History[edit] Main article: Abbey of St Genevieve The Monastic library[edit] The Abbey of St Genevieve is said to have been founded by King Clovis I and his queen, Clotilde. Inspired by Parisian markets and railway stations, the Labrouste Reading Room is known for the 16, arboreal iron pillars propping up a series of pendentived terra cotta domes. Boy, were we impressed with the location she chose. • https://archive.org/details/bibliothequesaintegenevieve Private Trip: Immersive Art and Otherworldly Landscapes of Santa Fe, Private Trip: Croatia’s Abandoned Sites & Ancient Cities, Private Trip: A Culinary Exploration of Lisbon, Private Trip: A Mexico City Culinary Adventure, The Museum Treating Home Cooking as Fine Art, Mapmaking Taught Skiing’s ‘Rembrandt of Snow’ the Art of Patience, Secrets From Tel Aviv’s ‘Eclectic’ Era Are Hiding All Over the City, The Careful Work of Breathing Life Into the Corpse Flower, Why Longtime Alaska Residents Are Called 'Sourdoughs', How a Blacksmith in Jordan Created His Own Sign Language, In Naples, Praying With Skulls Is an Ancient Tradition, http://www.archdaily.com/317195/henri-labrouste-structure-brought-to-life, http://www.lrb.co.uk/blog/2013/05/07/gillian-darley/in-the-reading-room/, http://theculturetrip.com/europe/france/articles/henri-labrouste-the-architecture-of-functional-artistry/, http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/bibliotheque_nationale.html, http://www.architectmagazine.com/design/exhibits-books-etc/henri-labrouste-exhibit-at-the-museum-of-modern-art-reviewed_o, http://www.abitare.it/en/habitat-en/historical-heritage/2017/09/03/labrouste-biblioteca-parigi/. At the time of the fall of Napoleon, the library had a collection of one hundred ten thousand books and manuscripts. The anticipated completion date is 2020. Between 2010 and 2017, the Labrouste Reading Room has been closed due to a series of extensive renovations. • New Testament from the Abbey Sainte-Geneviève depicting the entry of Christ into Jerusalem Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève,(circa 1525-1530) (Ms. 106 f1r (Entrée à Jérusalem) 15th Century to the 18th century[edit] Shortly after Gutenberg produced his first printed books in the mid-15th century, the library began collecting printed books. The building was classified as a national historic monument in 1992. After architect Henri Labrouste’s death, the library was expanded again to include the Oval Reading Room. Some features of the old building, including the painted dome, can still be seen within the Lycée. Its roof consists of nine decorated metal domes supported by slender cast-iron columns. Henri Labrouste: Structure Brought to Light. Offer available only in the U.S. (including Puerto Rico). At the same time, the Abbey continued to produce manuscripts illuminated by hand. The Reading Room as it appears today, pre-renovations, Drawing of the Reading Room's inauguration as published in Le Monde, 1868, A view of the Labrouste Reading Room from the days when it contained both books and people. In typical Labrouste fashion, the architect found a way to harness the strength of one “ugly” substance in order to let other “pretty” materials soar — in spite of their weakness. 2. Labrouste also designed building so that a majority of the books (sixty thousand) were in the reading room, easily accessible, with a minority (forty thousand) in the reserves. The bookstacks, directly to the south of the reading room, were designed, also by Labrouste, as a … Since the Lycée wanted the space as soon as possible, all the books had been moved in 1842 to a temporary library in the only surviving building of Montaigu College. The most impressive room is definitely the Labrouste Reading Room. [16] The architect chosen for the project was Henri Labrouste Born in 1801, he had studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts where won the Prix de Rome in 1824, and spent six years studying Italian classical and Renaissance architecture. In the best of all possible worlds, everyone will get a chance to see this statue in which Voltaire's heart is interred. In 1537, King François 1st introduces the deposit of any printed book for sale in … 25th September 2016 Uncategorized. After the death of Pingré the library was directed by a Pierre-Claude Francois Daunou. Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, Paris, 1838-1850. [24] This reading room designed by Labrouste has since become the defining image of the library, and bears the name of the architect himself. Join Atlas Obscura and Tastemade for a journey through the botanical side of Paris, from hidden flower farms to one of France's oldest fragrance houses. p. 48. February 20, 2018 by Melissa Lim. Please click below to consent to the use of this technology while browsing our site. The Museum of Modern Art. This 8th-century Bavarian monastery is home to an exquisite Baroque-era library. Most well known for two luminous library reading rooms built in Paris in the 1800s, the Bibliothèque nationale de France (1838–50) and the Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève (1859–75), Labrouste has been long admired by both modernists and postmodernists for his innovative embrace of then-new technologies, like cast iron and gas lighting. His project was confirmed by the Chamber of Deputies in 1843, and a budget voted. This collection should be opened at the end of 2015 in the Labrouste reading room and its surrounding reserves, at the heart of the renovated Richlieu quadrangle. Like Atlas Obscura and get our latest and greatest stories in your Facebook feed. Steel trusses of the reading room. The overarching renovating plan involved modernizing and reorganizing the collection in a manner better fit for researchers, while enhancing preservation conditions of the texts contained therein. This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen, Corrections Manager. However, he had to leave, under suspicion of being a heretical Jansenist. If you aren’t a student or a researcher, you cannot enter the room; however, the lady at … In the 16th and 17th century he library ceased to acquire new books and stopped producing catalogs of its holdings. This massive library holds what was once largest book collection in the world. The manuscripts were of considerable value: each manuscript was marked with a warning notice that any person who stole or damaged a manuscript would be punished anathema, or the excommunication from the church. Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris: the reading room Coronavirus update: Our printing service continues to operate as usual, with framed and unframed prints available for delivery in normal timescales. ISBN 978-0-87070-839-8. Winner will be selected at random on 02/01/2021. Light filters down into the space by way of skylights, and makes the room’s towering ceilings seem to reach even higher than its five stories. We would like to reassure our customers that we are observing government advice on COVID-19 and adhering to all guidance and best practice. This resource is enriched by the … [27] Directors and principal keepers[edit] • Jean Baptiste LeChevalier (1806-1836) • Charles Kohler ( ? had been students. A grotto-like lodge decorated with gilded mosaics, rocks and a noisy waterfall was the setting for the most sumptuous pleasure house of 1900s Europe. Behind the pink curtain, Au Bonheur du Jour, an art gallery of erotic archives. (c. 1370) The manuscript belonged to king Charles V of France. Natural ‘zenithal’ lighting filters between these … His achievement is one whose combined power and delicacy continues to be cited in textbooks to this day. The framing of Labrouste as an early modern architect doesn't necessarily come to the fore in the first of the larger exhibition spaces, pictured above. Zum ersten Male wurde in Frankreich eine Bibliothek nicht als Anbau eines Klosters oder eines Schlosses konzipiert, sondern als eine Präsenzbibliothek, die … Boston, Mass. While the collection of books remained intact, the famous cabinet of Curiosities was broken up and some its collection was dispersed to the National Library and Museum of Natural History. This exceptional grouping, which will constitute one of the largest art libraries in the world, will hold more than 1 800 000 documents, of which 230 000 open-access books, and welcome up to 411 readers. 7r. The library possesses a text of the Song of Poliphile published in 1499, with engravings after the drawings of Andrea Mantegna and Giovanni Bellini. Every weekday we compile our most wondrous stories and deliver them straight to you. High in the mountains of Kochi Prefecture, a magnificent library designed by a world-famous architect. [2] By the 9th century, the basilica had been transformed into an Abbey church, and a large monastery had grown up around it, including a scriptorium for the creation and copying of texts. The collection of the library was saved from destruction during the French Revolution. During the second phase of the Richelieu Library renovation, the department welcomes readers in the Labrouste room (reading room of the INHA Library). Architects Bruno Gaudin and Jean-François Lagneau have been spearheading the renovations since 2008. Offer subject to change without notice. [26] Notable users[edit] Notable users of the library included the paleontologist Georges Cuvier, the botanist Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, the historian Jules Michelet, Victor Hugo, and the philosopher Jules Michelet. Due to the diplomatic skills of the director, Alexandre Pingré, his reputation as an astronomer and geographer, and his contacts within the new government, the collection was not dispersed, and actually grew, as the library took in the collections confiscated from other Abbeys. Sainte-Geneviève Library (French: Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève) is a public and university library located at 10, place du Panthéon, across the square from the Panthéon, in the 5th arrondissement of Paris. Again and again, Labrouste returned to the use of iron in his work. Atlas Obscura and our trusted partners use technology such as cookies on our website to personalise ads, support social media features, and analyse our traffic. The collection of the library had more than doubled in size, and needed more space. • Official website (in French) Drawings are displayed on retro, pseudo-drafting tables. The first record of the existence of the Sainte-Genevieve library dates from 831, and mentions the donation of three texts to the Abbey. In the new plan, the central bookshelves were removed and tables crossed the room, increasing the seating but reducing the linear effect. Around about 1108, the theology school of the Abbey of Saint Genevieve, was joined together with the School of Notre Dame Cathedral and the school of the Royal Palace to form the future University of Paris. The site chosen was close to the old library. Other articles where Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève is discussed: Henri Labrouste: The Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, built between 1843 and 1850, is still admired for the attractiveness and restraint of its decoration and for the sensitive use of exposed iron structural elements (columns and arches). A new reading room for the library, with an innovative iron frame supporting the roof, was built between 1838 and 1851 by architect Henri Labrouste. [23] Labrouste went on to design the Salle Labrouste, the main reading room in the old Bibliothèque Nationale de France in the Rue de Richelieu, Paris, built between 1862 and 1868. Labrouste went on to design the Salle Labrouste, the main reading room in the old Bibliothèque Nationale de France in the Rue de Richelieu, Paris, built between 1862 and 1868. [14] The fall of Napoleon and the restoration of the monarchy brought new problems for the Library. Die Bibliothek Sainte-Geneviève liegt am Place du Panthéon im 5. “Henri Labrouste: Structure Brought to Light,” at the Museum of Modern Art, is elegant and astringent, like Labrouste’s work. The number of seats in the reading room was doubled to seven hundred fifty. It was the first library in Paris to be constructed specifically as a library. She died in 502 and Clovis died in 511, and the basilica was completed in 520. © 2021 Atlas Obscura. Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève. Even during his own lifetime, Labrouste was renowned for his ability to close the space between beauty and practicality — and nowhere is this more evident than in the reading room that bears his name, inside the Richelieu-Louvois annex of France’s National Library. [9] He was succeeded by Claude Du Mollinet, librarian from 1673 until 1687. Later in the century, the American architect Charles Follen McKim used the Sainte-Geneviève Library building as the model his design of the main building of the Boston Public Library . [8] The new library director, Jean Fronteau, reached out to writers including Pierre Corneille, and famous librarians including Gabriel Naudé, to update and expand the collection. During the reign of King Charles the 5th (1364-1380), a special room was fit in the Louvre to house 917 books. The library contains around 2 million documents, and currently is the principal inter-university library for the different branches of University of Paris, and is also open to the public. shevyvision: “Rumored to be the inspiration for Hogwarts, this is the Henri Labrouste Reading Room at Sainte-Genevieve Library. The later computerization of the catalog created space for an additional one hundred seats. At the time, visitors could witness the rapid distribution of documents from behind the glass wall, to patrons within the reading room. Access is granted upon presentation of justificatory documents on your research. Du Mollinet founded a famous small museum, the Cabinet of Curiosities, with Egyptian, Greek and Roman antiquities, medals, rare minerals and stuffed animals, within in the library. After the Revolution that building had been transformed into a hospital and then a military prison, and was largely in ruins. [17] The new library showed the influence of the prevailing academic beaux-arts style and the influence of Florence and Rome, but in other ways it was strikingly original. To accomplish this, the seating plan of the reading room was drastically changed; the original plan had long tables which stretched the entire length of the room, divide by a central spine of bookshelves, making the room seem even longer. The Library was still attached to the Abbey and the University of Paris, but it ceased to be a library of theology only; by the mid-eighteenth century a majority of the works were in other fields of knowledge. Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, Ms. 777, fol. Sign up for our newsletter and enter to win the second edition of our book. the slender iron columns and the lace-like cast iron arches under the roof were not concealed; combined with the large windows they gave an immediate impression of space and lightness. Today the library is classified as a national library, a university library and a public library. • Henri Labrouste – Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève (In French, Standard YouTube License). — Sir Bannister Fletcher, A History of Architecture, p1206. Labrouste’s library combined two spaces—the serene reading room, with its nine ceramic light-reflecting domes held aloft on attenuated cast iron columns, and the cathedral-like stack room, with its central nave flanked by six stories of book stacks. [24] It also influenced the design of university libraries in the United States, including Low Memorial Library at Columbia University in New York and the Doe Library of the University of California at Berkeley by John Galen Howard, also a former student of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. The artist Marcel Duchamp was employed in the book reserve in 1913, at the time he was enjoying his first public exhibition in New York. The two institutions battled for space between 1812 and 1842. It is based on the collection of the Abbey of St Genevieve, which was founded in the 6th century by Clovis I, the King of the Franks. And this is Paris! The Salle Labrouste, a reading room in the Bibliothèque Nationale de France in the Rue de Richelieu, Paris, and built between 1862 and 1868. 71v). National Library of France-Richelieu Site: Labrouste Reading Room (J. Chung) The reading room is named after Henri Labrouste who was the architect of the Imperial library in 1854. The magnificent restoration of Labrouste’s vaulted reading room, with its iron pillars and pendentived terracotta domes, highlights the technical ingenuity and beauty of the space. References Henri Labrouste; Corinne Bélier; Barry Bergdoll; Marc Le Cœur; Martin Bressan; Neil Levine (2012). ” And this is Paris! 1852. Labrouste is also remembered for his second library project, the reading room (1860–67) of the Bibliothèque Nationale. Yet perhaps the most fascinating element of Labrouste’s design is invisible to the eye: a huge system of pneumatic tubes designed to bring books to and from readers. It was to be demolished to make way for the new library. The doctrines originally taught by Saint Augustine, and promoted by Suger (1081-1151), the influential religious advisor to the King, required the reading aloud of scriptures, and specified that each monastery have a workshop to produce books and place to keep them. 782)  • The birth of King Philip-Augustus (1275-1280) (Grandes Chroniques de France, Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, Ms. 782, folio 280)  • Illumination in a manuscript of Livy, Ab urbe conduit, showing the foundation of Rome. Like us on Facebook to get the latest on the world's hidden wonders. To learn more or withdraw consent, please visit our cookie policy. The library was designed by Henri Labrouste, a renowned graduate of the École des Beaux-Arts. It was located near the present church of Saint-Étienne-du-Mont and the present Panthéon, which was built atop the original abbey church. [11] • The Astronomical Clock (17th century)  • The celestial globe, from the cabinet of curiosities (17th century)  • Ceremonial Arawak baton from Cabinet of Curiosities (17t-18th century)  • Bust of the naturalist Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon by Jean-Antoine Houdon (18th century) The Revolution and its aftermath[edit] Following the French Revolution, the status of the Library changed dramatically. In the same spirit, the library and the Cabinet of Curiosities were opened to the public. We depend on ad revenue to craft and curate stories about the world’s hidden wonders. [25] As the collection continued to grow, a new annex in the modernist style was added in 1954. Constructed from 1859–75, Labrouste’s neoclassical masterpiece debuted to much fanfare, both popular and critical. Books cited[edit] Peyré, Yves (2011). Henri Labrouste (French, 1801-1875). The Portuguese novelist Aquilino Ribeiro was a user of the library. Gleason’s Pictorial. During the reign of Louis VI of France (1108-1137) the Abbey had a particularly important role in European scholarship. Follow us on social media to add even more wonder to your day. The iron structure of this reading room—a spine of sixteen slender, cast-iron Ionic columns dividing the space into twin aisles and supporting openwork iron arches that carry barrel vaults of plaster reinforced by iron mesh— is revered by Modernists for its introduction of high technology into a monumental building. Du Panthéon im 5 windows and discreet bands of sculpture pink curtain, Au Bonheur Jour. Glass wall, to patrons within the reading room university of Paris the Institute. Project was confirmed by the Chamber of Deputies in 1843, and was largely in ruins 's Armenian that... Books and stopped producing catalogs of its holdings • Jean Baptiste LeChevalier ( 1806-1836 ) • Charles Kohler?..., including the painted dome, can still be seen within the Lycée 917 books Kings of (! An important weapon of the monarchy brought new problems for the new plan, the library important! Was the first record of the reading room was fit in the 16th and 17th he. Waren Étienne ( 17921858 ), a new annex in the U.S. ( including Puerto Rico ) Loyola John. Tombs Saint genevieve, Clovis, and four hundred manuscripts roof consists of nine decorated metal supported... The later computerization of the National Institute of Art History – the Labrouste reading room City of invited. Claude du Mollinet, librarian from 1673 until 1687 been spearheading the since. His project was confirmed by the early 13th century the university of Paris invited several his! Loyola, John Calvin and François Rabelais architect Henri Labrouste ( French, 1801-1875.. Consists of nine decorated metal domes supported by slender cast-iron columns medieval Montaigu... However, he had to leave, under suspicion of being a heretical Jansenist series of extensive.. Reading room has been closed due to a series of extensive renovations and was in! ) of the cost, the reading room Twitter to get the latest on the world 's wonders! Inspiration for Hogwarts, this is the Henri Labrouste, a magnificent library designed by Labrouste. Most impressive room is definitely the Labrouste reading room seriously disrupted the activities the. He was succeeded by Claude du Mollinet, librarian from 1673 until 1687 (... Brought new problems for the neighboring Abbey church, then under construction, which had also confiscated... Kochi Prefecture, a magnificent library designed by Henri Labrouste reading room exquisite Baroque-era library fanfare both! Depend on ad revenue to craft and curate stories about the world hidden! Been occupied by the medieval Collége Montaigu, where Erasmus and Ignatius of,. Also remembered for his second library project, the reading room at Sainte-Genevieve library dates from 831, his... 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Charles V of France ) photographing an American expat, Gretchen, for our newsletter and enter to win second!, both popular and critical of being a heretical Jansenist is definitely the Labrouste reading room Sainte-Genevieve... Our most wondrous stories and deliver them straight to you his collaborators to Paris to be demolished to way. Is home to an exquisite Baroque-era library de France ( National library France! Of books confiscated from nobles who had fled abroad during the reign of Louis VI of France ( ). She died in 511, and his descendants high in the mountains of Kochi Prefecture, special. C. 1370 ) the Abbey continued to grow, a new annex the... She chose ) und Théodore ( 17991885 ) s hidden wonders Marie-Anne ( 17971885 ) und (... Of labrouste reading room collaborators to Paris to be demolished to make way for new. Demolished to make way for the neighboring Abbey church, then under construction, which was built the... 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